Article ID: 45617
Aim: Although current guidelines recommend surgical revascularization as the first-line therapy for chronic total occlusion of the abdominal aorta (Leriche syndrome), endovascular therapy (EVT) has been increasingly utilized because of the development of new technologies and techniques. EVT has demonstrated durable midterm outcomes for aortoiliac occlusive disease (AIOD). Nonetheless, little is known regarding their long-term outcomes and predictors of restenosis.
Methods: We retrospectively analyzed a multicenter database of 64 consecutive patients (age, 73±10 years; 64% male; 22% critical limb ischemia) undergoing EVT for aortoiliac occlusive disease between September 2005 and March 2016. The outcome measures were primary and secondary patency, following EVT, calculated using the Kaplan–Meier method. Independent predictors associated with restenosis were assessed using Cox proportional hazard regression model.
Results: Technical success was achieved in 61 patients (95%). In total, 214 stents (192 self-expandable stents, 22 balloon-expandable stents) were implanted. During the follow-up of 33±28 months, 11 patients experienced loss of patency. The primary patency rates were 88%, 70%, and 70% at 1, 3, and 5 years, respectively. The secondary patency rates were 98%, 87%, and 77% at 1, 3, and 5 years, respectively. In Cox regression analysis, E-Luminexx stent use (in 29 patients, 48%) was associated with restenosis [hazard ratio, 4.41, P=0.038].
Conclusion: In this retrospective study, EVT for AIOD demonstrated favorable 5-year patency. E-Luminexx stent implantation was associated with restenosis in this population.