2000 Volume 7 Issue 4 Pages 231-237
This cross sectional study was undertaken to determine whether serum leptin levels were associated with multiple risk factor (MRF) clustering syndrome. We examined the relationship between serum leptin concentrations and blood pressure (BP), serum lipids levels, calculated insulin resistance (HOMA-ratio) and adiposity among 581 Japanese adult women. The serum leptin was increased in female subjects with systolic (≥160 mmHg) and diastolic (≥90 mmHg) hypertension compared with the normotensive females (mean±SE ; 9.3±0.5 vs 7.7±0.3 ; 10.2±0.6 vs 7.1±0.3 ng/ml, both p <0.001). Serum leptin was elevated in those with hyper-cholesterolemia (C ; 220 mg/dl) and triglyceridemia (TG ;≥150 mg/dl) compared with the normolipidemia (9.4±0.4 vs 7.8±0.3 ; 11.7±0.6 vs 7.5±0.2 ng/ml, both p<0.001). Serum leptin was also elevated in those with adiposity (BMI≥ 26.4 kg/m2) and insulin resistance (HOMA-ratio≥2.5) compared with the normal females (14.8±0.7 vs 5.2±0.2 ; 11.3±1.1 vs 7.1±0.4 ng/ml, both p < 0.001). Even after adjusting for BMI or percent body fat mass (BFM), leptin levels remained to be elevated significantly in all these diseases. There was a positive correlation between serum leptin and systolic, diastolic BP, TC, TG, BMI, BFM, IRI and HOMA-ratio (r=0.12, p=0.005 ; r=0.24, p<0.0001 ; r=0.19, p<0.0001; r=0.35, p<0.0001; r=0.72, p<0.0001; r=0.73, p<0.0001; r=0.47, p< 0.0001 ; r=0.44, p<0.0001), and a negative correlation with HDL-C levels (r=-0.20, p< 0.0001). These correlations were also observed in leptin levels after adjusting for the BMI or BFM. Multiple regression analysis showed that BFM, HOMA-ratio and TG were significant determinants of leptin concentration before (t=12.6, p< 0.0001 ; t= 3.33, p= 0.001 ; t= 3.22, p= 0.001) and after adjusting for BMI or BFM.These results suggest that because serum leptin levels were elevated in components of MRF clustering syndrome, leptin may have a pathophysiological role in MRF clustering syndrome.