1997 Volume 24 Issue 1 Pages 48-57
First we clarified the “logical” structure of prerception of justice. Then we analyzed data on justice perceptions in Social Stratification and Mobility research that was held in 1995 as national sample survey in Japan.
We hypothesized that both self-interest and one's internalized value system determine one's justice ideals through social cognition. From this model we made several derivations for verification.
The data showed that “effort” was most preferred as justice ideal for allocating position and richness, but “contribution” was most popular as social cognition. By logit regression we found that female and less educated persons support “effort” as justice ideal. Young higher educated persons with higher family income showed higher support for “contribution” as social cognition in logit regression.
These outcomes indicate the usefulness of our model, but they also suggest that the explanatory power of our model is not very strong.