2017 Volume 61 Issue 3 Pages 217-221
We assessed whether gut microbial functional profiles predicted from 16S rRNA metagenomics differed in Japanese type 2 diabetic patients. A total of 22 Japanese subjects were recruited from our outpatient clinic in an observational study. Fecal samples were obtained from 12 control and 10 type 2 diabetic subjects. 16S rRNA metagenomic data were generated and functional profiles predicted using “Phylogenetic Investigation of Communities by Reconstruction of Unobserved States” software. We measured the parameters of glucose metabolism, gut bacterial taxonomy and functional profile, and examined the associations in a cross-sectional manner. Eleven of 288 “Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes” pathways were significantly enriched in diabetic patients compared with control subjects (p<0.05, q<0.1). The relative abundance of almost all pathways, including the Insulin signaling pathway and Glycolysis/Gluconeogenesis, showed strong, positive correlations with hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) and fasting plasma glucose (FPG) levels. Bacterial taxonomic analysis showed that genus Blautia significantly differed between groups and had negative correlations with HbA1c and FPG levels. Our findings suggest a novel pathophysiological relationship between gut microbial communities and diabetes, further highlighting the significance and utility of combining prediction of functional profiles with ordinal bacterial taxonomic analysis (UMIN Clinical Trails Registry number: UMIN000026592).