Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition
Online ISSN : 1880-5086
Print ISSN : 0912-0009
ISSN-L : 0912-0009
Original Articles
Simultaneous detection of reduced and oxidized forms of coenzyme Q10 in human cerebral spinal fluid as a potential marker of oxidative stress
Midori NagaseYorihiro YamamotoJun MitsuiShoji Tsuji
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2018 年 63 巻 3 号 p. 205-210

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The redox balance of coenzyme Q10 in human plasma is a good marker of oxidative stress because the reduced form of coenzyme Q10 (ubiquinol-10) is very sensitive to oxidation and is quantitatively converted to its oxidized form (ubiquinone-10). Here we describe an HPLC method for simultaneous detection of ubiquinol-10 and ubiquinone-10 in human cerebral spinal fluid to meet a recent demand for measuring local oxidative stress. Since the levels of coenzyme Q10 in human cerebral spinal fluid are less than 1/500 of those in human plasma, cerebral spinal fluid extracted with 2-propanol requires concentration for electrochemical detection. Using human plasma diluted 500-fold with physiological saline as a pseudo-cerebral spinal fluid, we found that addition of tert-butylhydroquinone was effective in preventing the oxidation of ubiquinol-10. The optimized tert-butylhydroquinone concentration in the extraction solvent was 20 µM. The addition of 20 µM ascorbic acid or co-addition of tert-butylhydroquinone and ascorbic acid (20 µM each) were also effective in preventing the oxidation of ubiquinol-10, but ascorbic acid alone gave poor reproducibility. Good within day reproducibility was observed, and day-to-day analytical variance was excellent.

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