Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition
Online ISSN : 1880-5086
Print ISSN : 0912-0009
ISSN-L : 0912-0009
Original Articles
Effects of a short-term increase in physical activity on arterial stiffness during hyperglycemia
Ryota KobayashiKaori SatoToshihiko TakahashiKenji AsakiSoichiro IwanumaNobuyuki OhashiTakeo Hashiguchi
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2020 Volume 66 Issue 3 Pages 238-244

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Abstract

We examined the effects of increasing physical activity on arterial stiffness during hyperglycemia. Nineteen glucose-intolerant elderly participated in the study. We randomly assigned 10 participants to increase their daily activity in everyday life, regardless of the time or intensity, for 1 month (PAI group) (age, 74.6 ± 1.3 years; mean ± SE) and nine participants to maintain their level of activity (CON group) (age, 79.2 ± 2.1 years; mean ± SE). The 75-g oral glucose tolerance test was conducted in each participant in both groups before and after the start of the intervention to confirm glucose intolerance. Brachial­ankle pulse wave velocity and cardio-ankle vascular index significantly increased from baseline at 30, 60, and 90 min after the 75-g glucose ingestion after the intervention in the CON group (p<0.05), but not in the PAI group. Heart­brachial pulse wave velocity did not change compared to baseline after the 75-g glucose ingestion in either group and did not change from baseline at 30, 60, and 90 min after the 75-g glucose ingestion before and after the intervention in both groups. The present findings indicate that a short-term increase in physical activity suppresses the increase in arterial stiffness after glucose intake.

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© 2020 JCBN
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