Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition
Online ISSN : 1880-5086
Print ISSN : 0912-0009
ISSN-L : 0912-0009
Original Articles
Direct detection of diclofenac radical produced by ultraviolet irradiation using electron spin resonance method
Satomi AkazakiRyohei AokiKeizo Sato
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2020 Volume 66 Issue 3 Pages 193-197


Diclofenac, a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug, is commonly used as an antipyretic analgesic owing to its strong anti-inflammatory action in clinical treatment. However, diclofenac can cause injury, with gastrointestinal mucosal lesions and skin photosensitivity as the main side effects. In general, photosensitive drugs contain photosensitive chemical sites, and form free radicals under ultraviolet irradiation, leading to phototoxic reactions. Therefore, this study focuses on free radical production in photosensitive reactions of diclofenac. The free radical production mechanism of diclofenac under ultraviolet irradiation, which might result in photo-toxicity, was clarified using a direct electron spin resonance method. When diclofenac was irradiated with ultraviolet light (254 nm), diclofenac radicals were generated depending on the ultraviolet irradiation time and stably present for 30 min at room temperature. Diclofenac radicals were produced by the ultraviolet irradiation system depending on the dose of diclofenac until 2 mM. Therefore, diclofenac radicals might directly or indirectly react with various biomolecules to cause phototoxicity, other side effects, and new diclofenac pharmacology owing to its stability of diclofenac radicals.

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