Journal of Clinical Biochemistry and Nutrition
Online ISSN : 1880-5086
Print ISSN : 0912-0009
ISSN-L : 0912-0009
Probiotic Lactobacillus casei Shirota improves efficacy of amoxicillin-sulbactam against childhood fast breathing pneumonia in a randomized placebo-controlled double blind clinical study
Bing LiJunqing ZhengXia ZhangShan Hong
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ジャーナル フリー 早期公開

論文ID: 17-117

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The aim of the present study was to investigate the efficacy of oral administration of probiotic Lactobacillus casei Shirota and amoxicillin-sulbactam in treating childhood fast breathing pneumonia. 518 children diagnosed of fast breathing pneumonia were enrolled and randomly assigned to be administered either amoxicillin-sulbactam + Lactobacillus casei Shirota or amoxicillin-sulbactam + placebo. Primary outcome was defined as treatment failure before day 3, and secondary outcome was defined as treatment failure during follow-ups on day 6 and 12. Serum levels of tumor necrosis factor-α and interferon-γ were also examined at the end of day 3. Treatment failure rate before day 3 was significantly reduced in amoxicillin-sulbactam + Lactobacillus casei Shirota group compared to amoxicillin-sulbactam + placebo group. Serum levels of tumor necrosis factor-α and interferon-γ were both significantly reduced in amoxicillin-sulbactam + placebo group on day 3. On day 6 and 12, although treatment failure rates were higher than on day 3 in both groups, it was still significantly reduced in amoxicillin-sulbactam + Lactobacillus casei Shirota group. No severe adverse effects were observed in either treatment group. In conclusion, Probiotic Lactobacillus casei Shirota, in combination with amoxicillin-sulbactam, is more effective in treating childhood fast breathing pneumonia, which supports the potential clinical application of Lactobacillus casei Shirota as a safe supplement to amoxicillin-sulbactam therapy against childhood fast breathing pneumonia.

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