1995 年 19 巻 2 号 p. 71-77
When bovine aortic endothelial cells were incubated in Dulbecco's modified Eagle's medium containing 5% fetal bovine serum and 5nmol/ml (in terms of malondialdehyde) of linoleic acid hydroperoxide, release of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) from the cells into the medium increased over a 2-4h incubation period, reaching a maximum level of about 80% of the total activity of LDH. In the presence of 17β-estradiol (E2) or 2-hydroxyestradiol (2-OHE2), the LDH release was inhibited depending on their concentration. The IC50 values of the inhibition were approximately 5 and 1μM, respectively. The lipid peroxide level in the cultured endothelial cells increased upon incubation with the hydroperoxide, which increase was suppressed markedly by 2-OHE2 and slightly by E2. Lipid peroxidation of low-density lipoprotein was inhibited markedly by 2-OHE2 and slightly by E2.