2000 年 29 巻 p. 9-17
The effect of pre-treatment with an alcoholic extract of Picrorhiza kurroa, a herbal drug, on D-galactosamine-induced hepatitis in rats was investigated with respect to the activities of serum marker enzymes, glycolytic enzymes, gluconeogenic enzymes, glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase, and membrane-bound ATPases and the levels of lipid peroxides and hepatic thiols. Prior oral treatment with P. kurroa extract significantly prevented the D-galactosamine-induced increases in the activities of serum marker enzymes, glycolytic enzymes, glycogen phosphorylase, and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase and the decreases in the activities of key gluconeogenic enzymes and membrane-bound ATPases in the liver. The extract also exerted an antioxidant effect against D-galactosamine-induced hepatitis by blocking the induction of lipid peroxidation and by preventing the depletion of hepatic thiols. The present findings confirm that P. kurroa is hepatoprotective in experimentally induced hepatitis in rats.