2018 Volume 17 Issue 1 Pages 76-79
Metal ions such as those of copper and zinc are considered to accelerate initial formation of amyloid fibril of amyloid-β (Aβ) peptides. In this study, the role of a zinc ion for Aβ peptide aggregation was investigated by the classical molecular dynamics (MD) simulations. The MD results indicated that the negatively-charged residues gained large stabilization in the existence of a zinc ion. On the other hand, histidine and tyrosine which were reported as making a bond with a metal ion were slightly stabled. Therefore, a zinc ion is thought of as combining with histidine or tyrosine after being attracted by negatively-charged residues, because these residues exist near negatively-charged residues. These results indicate that the metal-containing system needs to be treated by quantum-mechanical techniques.