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Journal of the Ceramic Society of Japan
Vol. 116 (2008) No. 1357 (September) P 994-1001




We present the O2-blowing method for the growth of high-quality single crystals of Bi-based perovskite ferroelectrics, in which O2 gas is directly introduced inside crucibles during crystal growth. The O2-blowing method is demonstrated to be effective for enhancing polarization and piezoelectric properties as well as reducing leakage current for (Bi,Na)TiO3-BaTiO3 crystals. The superior properties are suggested to originate from the reduced reorientation of non-180° domains. Ab initio calculations suggest that the interaction between spontaneous polarization and defect dipole composed of Bi vacancy and O vacancy is the origin of the reorientation of non-180° domains.

Copyright © 2008 The Ceramic Society of Japan

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