2011 Volume 119 Issue 1390 Pages 445-450
A methanol–water mixed solvent was used as a reaction medium for the synthesis of Eu3+-doped Y2O3 (Y2O3:Eu) phosphor. Y2O3:Eu was prepared under solvothermal conditions at 150–300°C for 3–24 h using a solution of water and methanol as the reaction medium followed by heat treatment at 1000°C for 2 h. The phase composition and optical properties of the products were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), and photoluminescence spectroscopy. The powders obtained were composed of plate-like particles, spindle-like particles, and whisker particles and were different for samples prepared under supercritical, subcritical, and normal conditions of methanol. With the reaction temperature increasing, the particle size became smaller, in particular, the particles were ∼500 nm in size at 300°C under supercritical condition of methanol. After calcination at 1000°C for 2 h, the obtained powders retained the initial shape. The emission peaks of the fluorescence were assigned to the f–f transitions of the Eu3+ and exhibited red emission. The fluorescence intensities and internal quantum efficiency exhibited various values dependence on the morphology of the obtained particles.