Journal of the Ceramic Society of Japan
Online ISSN : 1348-6535
Print ISSN : 1882-0743
Regular Issue: Note
Facile one-step solid-state reaction to synthesis of hafnium carbide nanoparticles at low temperature
Liangbiao WANGWanjun XITao MEIYibing CAIJuanjuan LUDejian ZHAOHongying HUANGWeiqiao LIUQuanfa ZHOU
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Volume 125 (2017) Issue 10 Pages 789-791

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Abstract

Usually, the synthetic process of hafnium carbide (HfC) by using hafnium dioxide as hafnium source requires high reaction temperature. In this study, we have successfully synthesized HfC nanoparticles by a solid state reaction of hafnium dioxide, lithium carbonate and metallic magnesium in a stainless-steel autoclave at 700°C for 10 h. The X-ray powder diffraction pattern reveals that the obtained sample is cubic phase HfC with lattice constant of a = 4.633 Å. Scanning electron microscope images show that the obtained HfC sample is composed of uniform particles with an average size of about 10 nm. Furthermore, the formation mechanism and oxidation resistance of the HfC nanoparticles have been investigated.

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© 2017 The Ceramic Society of Japan
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