2018 Volume 126 Issue 11 Pages 925-930
Single-crystal thin films of gallium oxide (Ga2O3), an ultra-wide bandgap semiconductor, were fabricated on c-plane sapphire by mist chemical vapor deposition (mist CVD). The grown α-Ga2O3 thin films had low surface roughness, and we characterized their initial crystal growth phase by using atomic force microscopy and X-ray diffraction. By varying the precursor concentration, we changed the surface roughness and crystallinity of the thin films. The lattice constants of the α-Ga2O3 thin films almost matched those of the single crystal in the initial growth phase. We also found that these thin films grew hetero-epitaxially. Finally, mist CVD might have a very short incubation time in this system.