2019 Volume 127 Issue 11 Pages 824-829
In this study, we investigated the preparation conditions of titanium nitride (TiN) through nitridation of nano-sized titanium dioxide (TiO2) without particle agglomeration. Synthesis of nanocrystalline TiN powder was attempted via ammonia (NH3) nitridation of nanocrystalline TiO2 powder. The nitridation behavior was investigated using thermogravimetry (TG) in an NH3 atmosphere. Non-isothermal TG experiments showed that nitridation of the nanocrystalline TiO2 powder began at ∼750°C. Two types of experiments were performed using isothermal TG. In the first experiment, an argon atmosphere was used while heating at 5 °C/min. On reaching the holding temperature (900 or 1,000°C), the atmosphere was changed to NH3/Ar (50/50 kPa). This atmosphere was used throughout the second experiment. The first experiment produced a nitride powder with severely agglomerated particles. In the second experiment, nano-sized powder particles with inhibited agglomeration were obtained, and long holding time of 6 h at 900 or 1,000°C was effective in obtaining the small nitrided particles.