2019 Volume 127 Issue 8 Pages 538-544
Absorption edge energy has been studied in Bi2O3–B2O3, and (Li2O, Na2O, K2O, CaO, BaO, ZnO, Ga2O3 and Nb2O5)–Bi2O3–B2O3 glasses containing a large amount of Bi2O3. It was found that the absorption edge energy obeyed Duffy’s theoretical basicity formula, that is, the additivity rule with glass composition. The additivity factor depended on electronegativity of each constituent atom, except bismuth. The additivity factor of Bi2O3 was much smaller than that expected from electronegativity. The small value of additivity factor of Bi2O3 was discussed on the basis of Bi–O–Bi bond formation.