J-STAGE Home  >  Publications - Top  > Bibliographic Information

JAPANESE CIRCULATION JOURNAL
Vol. 60 (1996) No. 1 P 35-42

Language:

http://doi.org/10.1253/jcj.60.35

Clinical Study

The effect of nifedipine on ventriculoarterial coupling was examined in 8 patients with old myocardial infarction who showed a depressed ejection fraction (37±7%). Left ventricular (LV) pressure and LV volume were determined simultaneously by micromanometer and conductance catheter, respectively. We measured the slope (Ees) of the end-systolic pressure-volume relation during transient inferior vena caval occlusion, the slope (Ea) of the end-systolic pressure-stroke volume relation, the ratio of Ea to Ees (Ea/Ees), and the work efficiency (the ratio of external work to the systolic pressure-volume area) at baseline and after the sublingual administration of nifedipine (10 mg). Nifedipine slightly increased the heart rate from 71±14 to 78±17 beats/min. Although nifedipine had little effect on Ees (2.54±0.68 vs 2.47±0.62 mmHg/ml/m2, ns), it significantly decreased Ea from 3.47±1.16 to 2.37 ±0.54 mmHg/ml/m2. Consequently, Ea/Ees decreased from 1.42±0.47 to 0.97±0.31 and work efficiency increased from 48±12 to 59±13% after nifedipine administration. These data suggest that nifedipine reduces afterload (Ea) and improves left ventriculoarterial coupling without depressing left ventricular contractility in patients with failing hearts due to old myocardial infarction. (Jpn Circ J 1996; 60: 35 - 42)

Copyright © 1996 THE JAPANESE CIRCULATION SOCIETY

Article Tools

Share this Article