JAPANESE CIRCULATION JOURNAL
Online ISSN : 1347-4839
Print ISSN : 0047-1828
ISSN-L : 0047-1828
Clinical Study
Effect of Right Ventricular Volume Overload on Left Ventricular Diastolic Function in Patients With Atrial Septal Defect
Akira SatohKazuhiro KatayamaTakafumi HiroMasafumi YanoToshiro MiuraMichihiro KohnoTakashi FujiiMasunori Matsuzaki
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1996 Volume 60 Issue 10 Pages 758-766

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Abstract

This study was undertaken to investigate the effect of chronic right ventricular (RV) volume overload on left ventricular (LV) diastolic function. Twelve patients with atrial septal defect and 7 age-matched normal controls were examined. Patients with atrial septal defect were divided into 2 groups based on their Qp/Qs values (ASD1:Qp/Qs≤3, n=7; ASD2:Qp/Qs>3, n=5). The LV volume curve and its first derivative were derived by a frame-by-frame analysis of the left ventriculogram. The peak filling rate was defined by the peak positive first derivative of the LV volume curve. We measured the time constant, isovolumetric relaxation time, stiffness constant and compliance at LV end-diastole. The time constant was significantly prolonged in the ASD2 group compared with the controls, and the isovolumetric relaxation time in both atrial septal defect groups was also prolonged compared with the controls. The peak filling rate, which was normalized by end-diastolic volume, was lower in the ASD2 group than in the controls. Although the stiffness constant and the compliance at LV end-diastole in the controls were not significantly different from those in the atrial septal defect group, an upward and leftward displacement of the left ventricular pressure-volume curve was observed in patients with atrial septal defect. Moreover, a significant correlation (r=0.78, p<0.01) was observed between the time constant and RV end-diastolic pressure. Thus, these results suggest that chronic RV volume overload affects left ventricular diastolic function. (Jpn Circ J 1996; 60: 758 - 766)

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© 1996 THE JAPANESE CIRCULATION SOCIETY
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