JAPANESE CIRCULATION JOURNAL
Online ISSN : 1347-4839
Print ISSN : 0047-1828
ISSN-L : 0047-1828
Clinical Study
Dipyridamole Thallium-201 Single-Photon Emission Computed Tomography for Prediction of Perioperative Cardiac Events in Patients With Arteriosclerosis Obliterans Undergoing Vascular Surgery
Ziyang HuangSadayoshi KomoriTakao SawanoboriIsao KohnoSouichi SanoTsukasa lshiharaKen UmetaniHiroshi IjiriKiyoshi KoizumiTsutomu ArakiKihachiroh KamiyaYuusuke TadaKohji Tamura
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1998 Volume 62 Issue 4 Pages 274-278

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Abstract

The aim of the study was to determine whether or not dipyridamole thallium-201 single-photon emission computed tomography (201Tl-SPECT) has significant additive value for predicting perioperative cardiac events in patients with arteriosclerosis obliterans (ASO) undergoing vascular surgery. Routine preoperative 201Tl-SPECT was performed in 106 consecutive patients with ASO (age 68±8.9 years; 91 men and 15 women). The frequency of reversible defects in a clinical high-risk group (n=44) was significantly higher than in a low-risk group (n=62; 55% vs 24%, p<0.01). Perioperative cardiac events occurred in 9 patients, including 4 cardiac deaths, 1 non-fatal myocardial infarction, and 4 cases of unstable angina. Although clinical risk stratification was useful in predicting cardiac events (19% in the high-risk group vs 2% in the low-risk group, p<0.01), the positive predictive value was low. When considering a combination of 2 or more than 2 risk factors and a large reversible defect as a predictor, the positive predictive value and specificity increased from 19% to 47% and from 64% to 91%, respectively, whereas the sensitivity remained unchanged (89%). These results suggest that the addition of 201Tl-SPECT data to clinical risk-stratified patients with ASO allows better prediction of perioperative cardiac events. (Jpn Circ J 1998; 62: 274-278)

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© 1998 THE JAPANESE CIRCULATION SOCIETY
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