2000 Volume 64 Issue 2 Pages 139-143
Resuscitation was possible in a case of fulminant myocarditis with refractory ventricular fibrillation (Vf) using a percutaneous cardiopulmonary support system (PCPS). A 46-year old Japanese man suddenly experienced cardiopulmonary dysfunction shortly after the onset of flu symptoms, was promptly diagnosed as having fulminant myocarditis and PCPS was immediately initiated. On the second day in the hospital, refractory Vf occurred, which lasted for approximately 2h despite repeated efforts to terminate it. Finally, a large dose of steroids was administered. From the third day of hospitalization and onwards, the Vf disappeared totally. The patient completely recovered from such a serious state in 6 months. During the following 3 years, he has had no clinical symptoms of worsening. As in this case demonstrates, most myocarditis is curable and invasive measures are very helpful in rescuing patients from the fulminant type with refractory Vf.