JAPANESE CIRCULATION JOURNAL
Online ISSN : 1347-4839
Print ISSN : 0047-1828
Clinical Investigation
Using Isoproterenol Stress Echocardiography to Predict the Response to Carvedilol in Patients With Dilated Cardiomyopathy
Isao NishiKeiji IidaSatoru KawanoTomoko MasumiIwao Yamaguchi
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2001 Volume 65 Issue 6 Pages 514-518

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Abstract

Trials have demonstrated that carvedilol can produce hemodynamic, symptomatic, and prognostic improvements in dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM), but some DCM patients have deteriorated after carvedilol, developing congestive heart failure. The present study investigated the use of isoproterenol (ISP) stress echocardiography to select those patients with DCM who would respond to carvedilol. ISP was infused intravenously in 22 patients with DCM and they were classified into 2 groups based on the left ventricular systolic response: good response to ISP [change in fractional shortening (FS) with ISP >0.05, n=13] and poor response to ISP (change ≤0.05, n=9). In the good response group, FS significantly increased from 0.12±0.04 to 0.17±0.08 (mean±SD, p<0.05) with carvedilol, and 7 patients improved symptomatically (New York Heart Association class). However, in the poor response group, no significant difference was observed between FS at baseline and that at the end of follow-up. Moreover, only 1 patient in the poor response group improved symptomatically. ISP stress echocardiography can assist in selecting patients with DCM who will respond positively to carvedilol. (Jpn Circ J 2001; 65: 514 - 518)

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© 2001 THE JAPANESE CIRCULATION SOCIETY
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