2017 Volume 10 Issue 5 Pages 385-392
These days, smart home applications such as concierge service for residents, home appliance control, and so on are attracting attention. To realize these applications, we need a system which recognizes various human activities accurately with a low cost device. There are many studies on the activity recognition in a smart home. We also have proposed an activity recognition technique in a smart home by utilizing digital-output-PIR (passive infrared) sensors, door sensors, and power meters. However, the study has an unsolved issue: we cannot distinguish similar activities happening at the same place, for example, “eating” and “reading” while sitting on a sofa. In order to cope with this challenge, we introduce ALPAS: analog-output-PIR-sensor-based activity recognition technique which recognizes the different activities in the same place. Our technique recognizes user's activity by utilizing machine learning with frequency components of the sensor's output as features. However, because the number of features used in ALPAS is 1000 for each analog PIR-sensor, a large capacity memory is required. To reduce the number of features, we select a part of the sensing data. We call the starting point of the selected data as starting frequency (SF) and ending part as ending frequency (EF). We searched SF and EF using a grid search, and evaluated the recognition accuracy. We evaluated the proposed technique in a smarthome testbed. In the evaluation, five participants performed four different activities while sitting on a sofa. As a result, we achieved F-Measure: 63.9% when the EF is 1.4Hz, and F-Measure: 50% or lower when the SF is 9.9Hz or higher.