2013 Volume 6 Issue 5 Pages 331-340
Gait recognition is a promising non-intrusive biometric method. A robust and compact gait model is desirable in many security applications from public facilities to personal devices. Shape cues are chosen in most current researches except a few adopting dynamical features exclusively. And most of these systems are velocity-dependent. In order to explore more features of gait and to fit the varying environments of different applications, a new gait recognition model which synthesizes dynamic model and statistical one is designed. A kind of dynamical features, angular variables with respect to ankle joint, are adopted as the model's input. The proposed model has a circular structure consisted of 2 pairs of correlated states. A constrained learning algorithm is proposed under the model's special structure configured according to a 2-link virtual passive walking model which plays an important role both in the initialization and in the updating step. By evaluating the recognition rates of different models, the velocity-robust characteristics of the new model and its low computational load compared with conventional HMM are verified.