2014 Volume 7 Issue 6 Pages 321-326
The mechanomyogram from a single motor unit and the induced mechanomyogram at various levels of recruitment were measured with an acceleration sensor. The transfer functions between motor unit action potential (or electrical stimulation) and the mechanomyogram were identified using the singular value decomposition method. The purpose of this study is to clarify how the model order of the transfer function depends on the recruitment level. The second- to tenth-order transfer functions were calculated, and the difference between the observed and the estimated mechanomyograms using the transfer function, the fitness, was calculated. The relationship between the model order and the fitness was tested using the Holm-Bonferroni multiple comparison. At low levels (single motor unit, 20, and 40%) of recruitment, there were significant differences between the fourth- and higher-order models, but there were no significant differences between the fifth- and higher-order models. In contrast, at high levels (60, 80, and 100%) of recruitment, the fourth-order model did not show significant differences between the fifth- or higher-order models. As a result, the fifth- and fourth-order models were appropriate at low and high recruitment levels, respectively. The differences in the order might be caused by interactions between active and resting motor units.