2006 年 48 巻 1 号 p. 86-91
Local structures around germanium in liquid germanate have been investigated byin-situX-ray absorption measurements up to 9 GPa at 1000°C. Liquid germanate consisting of tetrahedrally coordinated germanium contracts with increasing pressure without significant changes in the local structure up to 2.5 GPa and then shows an abrupt fourfold-sixfold coordination change around 3 GPa. The coordination change is completed below 4 GPa and a high-density liquid consisting of octahedrally coordinated germanium is stable to 9 GPa. GeO6octahedron in the high-density liquid is more compressible than that in solids, suggesting the possibility of a density inversion between liquid and solid at higher pressure. By considering the analogy of germanates to silicates, these results give some far-reaching implications for the evolution and dynamics of the Earth's deep interior.