Background: The association between diabetes and paranasal sinus disease has not been thoroughly investigated.
Methods: We cross-sectionally investigated the association between diabetes and the presence of paranasal sinus disease, which was confirmed by a head MRI scan in 1350 adults who underwent a health screening program focusing on brain diseases and metabolic syndrome. Logistic regression, which was adjusted for age, sex, body mass index, waist-to-hip ratio, hypertension, smoking status, alcohol intake, and white blood cell count, was performed to calculate the odds ratio (OR) of having paranasal sinus disease among adults with diabetes in relation to those without. The dose-response relationship between hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) levels and the presence of paranasal sinus disease was also investigated.
Results: Of the 1350 participants (mean age, 61.6 ± 10.0 years; 71.6% men), 220 diabetes cases were identified. Paranasal sinus disease was diagnosed in 151 adults. The adjusted OR of having paranasal sinus disease was 1.74 (95% confidence interval [CI], 1.12–2.71) in those with diabetes. The odds of having paranasal sinus disease increased with HbA1c levels. Compared to those with HbA1c of ≤5.4%, those with HbA1c of 5.5%–6.4%, 6.5%–7.9%, and ≥8.0% were more likely to have paranasal sinus disease, with adjusted ORs of 1.32 (95% CI, 0.88–1.98), 1.63 (95% CI, 0.86–3.09) and 2.71 (95% CI, 1.12–6.61), respectively (P for trend = 0.019).
Conclusions: Diabetes may be significantly associated with higher prevalence of paranasal sinus disease in Japanese adults. We should keep this increased risk in mind when a diabetic patient is suspected of having paranasal sinus disease.
2015 Yusuke Kabeya et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.