Journal of Epidemiology
Online ISSN : 1349-9092
Print ISSN : 0917-5040
Original Article
Motivating Mothers to Recommend Their 20-Year-Old Daughters Receive Cervical Cancer Screening: A Randomized Study
Tomomi Egawa-TakataYutaka UedaAkiko MorimotoYusuke TanakaAsami YagiYoshito TeraiMasahide OhmichiTomoyuki IchimuraToshiyuki SumiHiromi MurataHidetaka OkadaHidekatsu NakaiMasaki MandaiShinya MatsuzakiEiji KobayashiKiyoshi YoshinoTadashi KimuraJunko SaitoYumiko HoriEiichi MoriiTomio NakayamaMikiko Asai-SatoEtsuko MiyagiMasayuki SekineTakayuki EnomotoYorihiko HorikoshiTetsu TakagiKentaro Shimura
ジャーナル オープンアクセス

2018 年 28 巻 3 号 p. 156-160


Background: In Japan, the rate of cervical cancer screening is remarkably low, especially among women in their twenties and thirties, when cervical cancer is now increasing dramatically. The aim of this study was to test whether a modified government reminder for 20-year-old women to engage in cervical cancer screening, acting through maternal education and by asking for a maternal recommendation to the daughter to receive the screening, could increase their participation rate.

Methods: In two Japanese cities, 20-year-old girls who had not received their first cervical cancer screening before October of fiscal year 2014 were randomized into two study arms. One group of 1,274 received only a personalized daughter-directed reminder leaflet for cervical cancer screening. In the second group of 1,274, the daughters and their mothers received a combination package containing the same reminder leaflet as did the first group, plus an additional informational leaflet for the mother, which requested that the mother recommend that her daughter undergo cervical cancer screening. The subsequent post-reminder screening rates of these two study arms were compared.

Results: The cervical cancer screening rate of 20-year-old women whose mothers received the information leaflet was significantly higher than that for women who received only a leaflet for themselves (11% vs 9%, P = 0.0049).

Conclusions: An intervention with mothers, by sending them a cervical cancer information leaflet with a request that they recommend that their daughter receive cervical cancer screening, significantly improved their daughters’ screening rate.

© 2017 Tomomi Egawa-Takata et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.