Journal of Epidemiology
Online ISSN : 1349-9092
Print ISSN : 0917-5040
ISSN-L : 0917-5040
Effects of Social Support and Self-Esteem on Depressive Symptoms in Japanese Middle-Aged and Elderly People
Yasuyuki FukukawaSatomi TsuboiNaoakira NiinoFujiko AndoShotaro KosugiHiroshi Shimokata
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2000 年 10 巻 1sup 号 p. 63-69

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We examined the relationship among social support, self-esteem, and depression. The subjects were 1, 116 Japanese community-dwelling adults aged between 40-79, who were the first wave participants of the National Institute for Longevity Sciences-Longitudinal Study of Aging (NILS-LSA). Exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses were performed on the Rosenberg's self-esteem scale that supported the superiority of the bi-dimensional structure of the scale marked by self-confidence and self-deprecation subscales. The subsequent causal analyses, using structural equation modeling, demonstrated that social support reduced depressed affect through an increase in self-confidence and a decrease in self-deprecation. By contrast, social support did not show a direct effect on depressed affect. The findings suggest the importance of esteem-improving elements of social support in reducing depressive symptoms. J Epidemiol, 2000 ; 10 : S63-S69.

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