Journal of Epidemiology
Online ISSN : 1349-9092
Print ISSN : 0917-5040
ISSN-L : 0917-5040
Smoking Habit and Interleukin 1B C-31T Polymorphism
Nobuyuki HamajimaNobuyuki KatsudaKeitaro MatsuoToshiko SaitoLucy Sayuri ItoMasahiko AndoManami InoueToshiro TakezakiKazuo Tajima
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2001 Volume 11 Issue 3 Pages 120-125

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Abstract

Masahiko Ando4, Manami Inoue 1, Toshiro Takezaki 1, and Kazuo Tajima1 Recent studies suggest that smoking habit may relate to genetic traits. This study examines the association with a polymorphism (C-31T) of interleukin 1B (IL-1B), which encodes IL-1 /β, a multifunctional pro-inflammatory cytokine. Since the T allele makes a TATA box, the allele is thought to be responsible for a higher potency of IL-1B expression, indicating that individuals harboring the T allele are prone to inflammation. The study subjects were two different populations; 241 non-cancer outpatients (118 males and 123 females) at a cancer hospital and 462 examinees (127 males and 335 females) of a health checkup program provided by a local government. Current smokers were 36.4% for the male outpatients, 9.8% for the female outpatients, 38.6% for the male examinees, and 5.6% for the female examinees. The sex-ageadjusted odds ratios of current smokers were calculated for the genotypes with the T allele relative to the CC genotype by an unconditional logistic model. The estimate was 0.45 (95% confidence interval, 0.21-0.97) for the outpatients, and 0.83 (0.42-1.61) for the examinees. Although not significant for the examinees, the observed associations suggest that this polymorphism may influence smoking behavior through an inflammatory response of the respiratory tract to cigarette smoke. J Epidemiol, 2001 ; 11 : 120-125

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