S-nitrosylation, a post-translational modification of the thiol group of cysteine residues by nitric oxide (NO), has emerged as a new mode of signal transduction and regulation of protein function. It has recently been shown that S-nitrosylation may result in various protein dysfunctions. However, an improved S-nitrosylation analysis method is needed to achieve high sensitivity and quantitative accuracy. We hypothesized that an analysis method using fluorescence dye could detect S-nitrosylated proteins at a higher sensitivity than that of the conventional method. In this study, we developed a procedure for analyzing S-nitrosylated proteins using CyDye (the CyDye switch method). This CyDye switch method for detecting S-nitrosylated proteins was developed based on the biotin-switch method for analyzing S-nitrosylated proteins. We analyzed NO donor-induced S-nitrosylated proteins in a model protein and at the cellular level. We demonstrated that this CyDye switch method could detect specific S-nitrosylated proteins using SDS-PAGE and mass spectrometry. Our results indicate that the optimized CyDye switch method is suitable for the detection of the post-translational S-nitrosylation of proteins.
2016 by Japanese Electrophoresis Society