Journal of Forest Economics
Online ISSN : 2424-2454
Print ISSN : 0285-1598
Philippine Forestry in the Post-natural Forest Era
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2020 Volume 66 Issue 1 Pages 23-34


The Philippines had been a major log producer and exporter in the world in the 1950s to 70s. In recent years, however, timber production has not been able to meet even the growing domestic demand. The 2011 total log ban in natural forests put to an end harvest-forestry in natural forests, but this has not unfolded nurture/plantation-forestry in the state forestlands. Neither forest management communities nor industrial forest contractors in the state forestlands have been log producers. This made the private land forests active in log production, instead. Such developments are related to the post-war harvest-forestry being closely linked to rent seeking by the state actors. Since the Aquino administration started in 1986 after Marcos fall, ‘Non-Marcos’ in the forest administration has proceeded. This includes putting marginalized residents and communities as state forestland managers and neglecting wood industry which had been closely connected to the state actors. The decline of wood industry has hindered investment for establishment of forest plantation in the state forestlands. The reaction to Marcos’s appropriation of harvest-forestry has resulted in the failure of development of nurture/plantation-forestry in the state forestlands.

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