2020 Volume 66 Issue 1 Pages 35-44
Vietnamese forest resource policies have been the most comprehensive of all Southeast Asian countries. In this article, the implementation processes of policies are clarified to discuss the background of Vietnamese forest resource strategies. A series of forest resource policies are examined according to the following three aspects: forest transition and protection, timber consumption in forest industry, and legality and sustainability of forest products. The analysis shows that Vietnamese forest resource strategies had points that applicability of policy implementation that firstly expanding plantation forest resource and then forcing export ban of timber and logging ban in natural forest, adequate timing in return to international market, and supplying to international market with forest products suitable for processing plantation timber. It was considered that these were made possible because Vietnamese political and economic system, which is mixture of socialism and market economy, was suitable for solving problems related to forest and forestry that have both public and economics characteristics.