2020 Volume 66 Issue 1 Pages 61-69
In 2014, The Ministry of the Environment in Japan showed a policy to promote the construction of the collaborative management system in national parks within the country, in which management is determined by participation and discussion of various stakeholders such as the government, business entities and residents. Accordingly, a typical example, “Kamikochi Vision 2014”, regional management policy in the Chubu Sangaku National Park Kamikochi area, was formulated. In this paper, we analyze the consensus-building process of natural resource management in Kamikochi and to clarify the three-dimensional structure of the local community related to decision-making. As a result, it became clear that Kamikochi's collaborative management system has multiple layers of consensus-building processes. There are two formal decision-making places related to policy; one lead by the government and the other lead by the local residents. In the lower layer, the local nature conservation group that originate from regional beautification functions as an adaptable and informal place for discussion. These multiple layers facilitate consensus-building. And more, there are some histories of coordinating opinions on various conflicts related to natural resource management, and it is thought that these experiences have become the basis for coordinating opinions among more diverse stakeholders in recent years.