2023 年 29 巻 4 号 p. 243-248
In this article, the food aid in Japan was examined from the capability-based perspective. The data was obtained from in-depth interviews with 53 single mothers living in urban areas. Despite being economically disadvantaged, only 62.3% had access to food aids; of these, 52.8% used food banks, 11.3% used free or subsidised meal delivery services, and 7.5% used children canteens. Nevertheless, existing food assistance was only meant to reduce the inequality of their consequences (functioning achievements), not of their freedoms (capabilities) to eat well. To expand such capabilities, more proactive aids (such as food education and housekeeping service) are required.