2013 Volume 8 Issue 1 Pages 136-145
Three-dimensional numerical simulation of the flow around a leading edge of a flat plate when vortices with their axes normal to the flat plate surface is carried out to investigate the leading-edge receptivity to the vortical disturbances. It is shown that the vertical vortices outside the boundary layer are not titled and deformed, contradicting to what was reported in previous studies. It is revealed that the streamwise structures, which are dominant in the boundary layer, are formed due to the velocity field induced by the wall-normal vortices outside the boundary layer. It also is found that neighboring pair of vortices side-by-side in the spanwise direction are connected to each other very close to the wall.