2017 Volume 63 Issue 5 Pages 259-265
A gene (gkdA) (741 bp) encoding a putative protein of 247 amino acids was cloned from the Bacillus licheniformis SR01. The protein was expressed in Escherichia coli BL21 with a molecular mass estimated by SDS-PAGE of approximately 28.03 kDa and showed a calculating isoelectric point (pI) of 6.42. Structure analysis and function identification showed that the enzyme was a multifunctional glycosidase. Its specific activity was 0.013 U/μg. The recombinant glycosidase showed a maximum activity at 50°C and pH 7.0. It was very stable below 90°C and may have heat activation at higher temperatures. The relative residual activity was still more than 80% after 120 min at pH 5.0–10.0. The enzyme activity was inhibited by Cu2+, Fe2+, Ca2+, Mg2+, Co2+, Li+, SDS and EDTA, activated by Ca2+, and not affected by Mn2+ and K+. Under simulated stomach, and in vitro intestine, conditions, the enzyme retained 80%, and more than 100%, activity, respectively, after incubation for 90 min. The excellent properties of this enzyme, specifically its thermal stability and multifunctional abilities, give it potential application in the field of feed processing and other high-temperature processing industries.