2019 Volume 65 Issue 4 Pages 204-208
For enhancing the lactate (LA) fraction of poly(lactate-co-3-hydroxybutyrate)s [P(LA-co-3HB)s], an exogenous D-lactate dehydrogenase gene (ldhD) was introduced into Escherichia coli. Recombinant strains of E. coli DH5α, LS5218, and XL1-Blue harboring the ldhD gene from Lactobacillus acetotolerans HT, together with polyhydroxyalkanoate (PHA)-biosynthetic genes containing a lactate-polymerizing enzyme (modified PHA synthase) gene, accumulated the P(LA-co-3HB) copolymer from glucose under microaerobic conditions (100 strokes/min). The LA fraction of copolymers synthesized in the strains of DH5α, LS5218, and XL1-Blue were 19.8, 15.7, and 28.5 mol%, respectively, which were higher than those of the strains without the ldhD gene (<6.7 mol% of LA units). Introduction of the exogenous ldhD gene into E. coli strains resulted in an enhanced LA fraction in P(LA-co-3HB)s.