2019 Volume 65 Issue 5 Pages 215-224
Incorporation of membrane and secretory proteins into COPII vesicles are facilitated either by the direct interaction of cargo proteins with COPII coat proteins, or by ER exit adaptor proteins which mediate the interaction of cargo proteins with COPII coat proteins. Svp26 is one of the ER exit adaptor proteins in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The ER exit of several type II membrane proteins have been reported to be facilitated by Svp26. We demonstrate here that the efficient incorporation of Mnn4, a type II membrane protein required for mannosyl phosphate transfer to glycoprotein-linked oligosaccharides, into COPII vesicles is also dependent on the function of Svp26. We show that Mnn4 is localized to the Golgi. In addition to Mnn4, Mnn6 is known to be also required for the transfer of mannosyl phosphate to the glycans. We show, by indirect immunofluorescence, that Mnn6 localizes to the ER. As in the case with Svp26, deletion of the MNN6 gene results in the accumulation of Mnn4 in ER. In vitro COPII vesicle budding assays show that Svp26 and Mnn6 facilitate the incorporation of Mnn4 into COPII vesicles. In contrast to Svp26, which is itself efficiently captured into the COPII vesicles, Mnn6 was not incorporated into the COPII vesicles. Mnn4 and Mnn6 have the DXD motif which is often found in the many glycosyltransferases and functions to coordinate a divalent cation essential for the reaction. Alcian blue dye binding assay shows that substitution of the first D in this motif present in Mnn4 by A impairs the Mnn4 function. In contrast, amino acid substitutions in DXD motifs present in Mnn6 did not affect the function of Mnn6. These results suggest that Mnn4 may be directly involved in the mannosyl phosphate transfer reaction.