2020 Volume 66 Issue 4 Pages 220-227
The discharge of industrial dyes and their breakdown products are often environmentally harmful. Here, we describe a biodegradation method using Burkholderia multivorans CCA53, which exhibits a capacity to degrade azo dyes, particularly ethyl red. Under the optimized culture conditions, 100 μM ethyl red was degraded more than 99% after incubation for 8 h. Real-time PCR analysis of azoR1 and azoR2, encoding two azoreductases, revealed that transcription level of these genes is enhanced at early phase under the optimized conditions. For a more practical approach, hydrolysates were prepared from eucalyptus or Japanese cedar chips or rice straw, and rice straw hydrolysate was used as the best medium for ethyl red biodegradation. Under those conditions, ethyl red was also degraded with high efficiency (>91%). We have thus constructed a potentially economical method for the biodegradation of ethyl red.