1985 Volume 31 Issue 5 Pages 475-490
Fourteen strains of acetic acid bacteria were isolated from fermented vinegar broth with high acidity. These isolates were useful for producing high-acidity vinegar and require acetic acid, ethanol and glucose for growth. The isolates differed from all the species of the genera Acetobacter and Gluconobacter so far validly published, with respect to their morphological, physiological, biochemical and chemotaxonomic characters' and their deoxyribonucleic acid homologies. The isolates are classified as a new species of the genus Acetobacter, and we propose Acetobacter polyoxogenes sp. nov. for them. The type strain of A. polyoxogenes is NBI 1060 (=JCM 3808).