1996 Volume 42 Issue 1 Pages 17-26
In an attempt to investigate the origin of the intracellular symbiont of the aphid (Buchnera), aphid gut aerobic bacteria were isolated, and their phylogenetic relations to other prokaryotes were examined based on nucleotide sequences of 16S rDNA. It turned out that there are seven aerobic bacterial groups which constitute major flora of the aphid's gut. As three of the isolated bacteria were identified as members of the family Enterobacteriaceae, and share the common ancestor with the intracellular symbiont, the nucleotide sequences of 16S rDNA were determined for 15 representative strains of the family Enterobacteriaceae. One of the gut microbes belonging to the family Enterobacteriaceae was identified as Erwinia herbicola that is found mainly on plant surfaces. This fact may suggest that the intracellular symbiont of aphid is derived from a habitant of plant on which host insects feed.