2018 Volume 127 Issue 2 Pages 157-173
Kutcharo caldera is situated in the eastern part of Hokkaido, Japan. It is subcircular with a diameter of 20-26 km and was formed by repeated violent rhyolitic explosive eruptions from 340 to 35 ka. The caldera has three post-caldera volcanoes: Atosanupuri, Nakajima and Mashu. Our new tephrostratigraphical survey suggests that a pyroclastic fall deposit (Nakajima pumice), which was extruded from Nakajima, is exposed at the western slope of Atosanupuri. The deposit comprises dacitic pumice clasts (< 9 cm across) in a fine-grained matrix. The pumice clasts are coated with fine-grained ash, suggesting the deposit was produced by a phreatomagmatic eruption. The deposit directly overlies a scoria-fall deposit, which was ejected from Mashu volcano at 17-12 ka, and is overlain by Ma-k tephra, which was extruded from Mashu volcano at 10 ka. The stratigraphy of the deposit suggests that a phreatomagmatic eruption occurred at Nakajima volcano between 17 and 10 ka.