地学雑誌
Online ISSN : 1884-0884
Print ISSN : 0022-135X
山麓の火山灰層からみた妙高火山中央火口丘の活動と年代
早津 賢二
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ジャーナル フリー

1992 年 101 巻 1 号 p. 59-70

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Myoko volcano, situated in the northern part of Central Japan, is one of the composit stratovolcanoes whose life histories have been studied in detail. In this paper, ten volcanic ash layers belonging to the central cone stage of Myoko volcano are described, and more detailed volcanic history of the central cone stage is compiled in connection with the informations already known.
The result are summarized as follows:(1) The central cone stage started ca. 5, 800 years ago. The central cone, Mt. Myoko, was almost built at the early time of the stage.(2) The youngest magmatic eruption of Myoko volcano took place ca. 4, 200 years ago, and produced pyroclastic flows and pyroclastic surges.(3) The youngest steam explosion of Myoko that was confirmed took place ca. 3, 000 years ago, and produced small pyroclastic surges.(4) For 1, 600 years between 5, 800 and 4, 200 years ago, a series of eruption whose ejecta were kept as an obvious stratum at the foot of Myoko volcano took place at the average rate of once for 200 or 300 years. After the violent eruption of ca. 4, 200 years ago, Myoko rapidly became less active, and the eruption in the similar scale took place only once or twice for ca. 4, 200 years up to the present.(5) The central cone stage was dominated mainly by the activity of dacitic magma, and coincided with the time when pyroclastic flows and pyroclastic surges were apt to be produced by explosive eruptions.

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