1963 年 72 巻 1 号 p. 25-36
General review of the Antarctic observation in the field of cosmic rays, ionosphere, aurora, night air glow and geomagnetism was presented and several advantageous points of observation in the Antarctic region were emphasized.
World-wide distribution of cosmic-ray intensity was studied by means of the observations made on board the ship “Soya” and the problems existing between cosmic-ray equator and geomagnetic equator were discussed.
Relations existing between solar phenomena and ionosphere were reviewed and the results of observation of ionosphere in the Antarctic region, especially spiral distributions of maximum occurrence for blackouts, relations between auroral Es and polar cap blackout were mentioned.
The latitude effect of night air glow was studied by the observation made on board the ship “Soya” and the relation between the intensity and the ionosphere F2 layer was discussed.
In order to solve the complicated phenomena in the field of aeronomy, the reopening of the observation in the Antarctic region is strongly hoped.