1999 Volume 86 Pages 89-119
All Distichophyllum species reported for Australia were investigated with the following confirmed for Australia: D. crispulum (Hook. f. & Wits.) Mitt., D. longicuspis Broth., D. microcarpum (Hedw.) Mitt., D. pulchellum (Hampe) Mitt., D. rotundifolium (Hook. f. & Wits.) C. Muell. & Broth. Newly reported for Australia from north Queensland are Distichophyllwn mittenii Bosch & Lac. and D. cuspidatum (Dozy & Molk.) Dozy & Molk. Excluded from the Australian moss flora are D. assimile Broth. and D. leucoloma Broth. Descriptions, a key to the species and typification, synonymy, notes on distribution, habitat preferences and fertility are provided. A description of, and notes on, Bryobrothera crenulata (Broth. & Par.) Thér. are provided.