1999 Volume 40 Issue 5 Pages 561-569
The slow pathway potential or the slow potential serves as a useful marker in catheter ablation of the slow pathway. However, an anatomical approach without recording of these potentials is also an effective way to cure atrioventricular nodal reentrant tachycardia(AVNRT). Moreover, the origin of these potentials is a matter of controversy. We compared 2 approaches to ascertain whether or not recording of these potentials is necessary in eliminating the slow pathway and to estimate the usefulness of the simple anatomical approach. The study population consisted of 24 patients with a conventional approach (Group P) and 19 patients with an anatomical approach (Group A). In group A, the ablation site was determined by fluoroscopy, which was the lowest one-third of the area between the His bundle electrogram recorded position and the coronary sinus orifice at the right anterior oblique view, and just in front of and above the coronary sinus orifice also posterior to the His catheter at the left anterior oblique view where the His catheter was seen tangentially. The slow pathway was successfully ablated in all patients without any complications, including more than first-degree AV block. Although there were no significant differences in total energy or number of applications between the 2 groups, the procedure time was significantly shorter in group A (p<0.01). In conclusion, recording of the slow pathway potential or the slow potential is not always necessary for slow pathway ablation in the treatment of AVNRT. Because our anatomical approach was performed simply, effectively and safely, it is recommended for the slow pathway ablation of AVNRT.