Japanese Heart Journal
Online ISSN : 1348-673X
Print ISSN : 0021-4868
ISSN-L : 0021-4868
Clinical Studies
C-reactive Protein and Atrial Fibrillation
Is inflammation a consequence or a cause of atrial fibrillation ?
Naoyuki SataNaokazu HamadaTakashi HorinouchiShigeru AmitaniTakuya YamashitaYukinori MoriyamaKenkichi Miyahara
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2004 年 45 巻 3 号 p. 441-445

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To clarify whether inflammation is a cause or consequence of atrial fibrillation (AF), we measured high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α) before and after pharmacological cardioversion in 15 patients with paroxysmal AF. Levels of hs-CRP, IL-6, and TNF-α after cardioversion were significantly higher than those in controls (P < 0.05). Furthermore, the levels of these indices did not differ significantly even at 24 hours and 2 weeks after cardioversion. These results suggest that inflammation is a causative agent of paroxymal AF.

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© 2004 by the Japanese Heart Journal
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