Research on programs for preventing eating disorders and systematic strategies to enhance the effects of such programs were reviewed. Several studies have investigated preventive programs in schools and programs targeting girls in a vulnerable age for developing these disorders. Findings suggest that preventive programs should focus not only on disorder specific risk factors but also on broader features including other mental health problems. Currently, dissonance-based interventions (DBIs) are considered the “gold-standard” of preventive programs for adolescent girls. It would be necessary to develop efficient and effective preventive programs requiring minimum number of sessions in the future, because other problems would also have to be addressed. It is suggested that preventive programs should specifically consider cognitive development, the training of teachers and students as facilitators, and addressing problems having shared risk factors.