Volume 55 (2009) Issue 1 Pages 132-137
Relaxin-3 is a recently discovered member of the insulin superfamily and is a ligand for three orphan G-protein-coupled receptors: GPCR135, GPCR142 and LGR7 (leucine-rich repeat-containing G-protein-coupled receptor 7). GPCR135 mRNA is expressed in the pancreas, however, it is not known, whether the peptide affects pancreatic islet function. Reverse transcriptase (RT)-PCR and radioreceptor assay have shown that the relaxin-3 receptor (GPCR135) is expressed in pancreatic islets and rat insulinoma, but LGR7 is not expressed. Moreover, relaxin-3 has been revealed to inhibit the secretion of insulin from pancreatic islets. However, we can not detect relaxin-3 in small intestine and pancreas. These results suggest a novel role of relaxin-3 in the regulation of insulin release.